A Theoretical and Experimental Comparison of 4H- and 6H-SiC MSM UV Photodetectors
This paper reports on fabrication and modeling of 4H- and 6H-SiC metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetectors (PDs). MSM PDs have been fabricated on 4H-SiC and 6H-SiC epitaxial layers, and their performance analyzed by MEDICI simulation and measurements. The simulations were also used to optimize the sensitivity by varying the width and spacing of the interdigitated electrodes. The fabricated PDs with 2 µm wide metal electrodes and 3 µm spacing between the electrodes exhibited, under UV illumination, a peak current to dark current ratio of 105 and 104 in 4H-SiC and 6H-SiC, respectively. The measured spectral responsivity of 6H-SiC PDs was higher compared to that of 4H-SiC PDs, with a cutoff at 407 nm compared to 384 nm in 4H-SiC PDs. Also the peak responsivity occurred at a shorter wavelength in 6H material. A high rejection ratio between the photocurrent and dark current was found in both cases. These experimental results were in agreement with simulation.
Robert P. Devaty, Michael Dudley, T. Paul Chow and Philip G. Neudeck
J. K. Lim et al., "A Theoretical and Experimental Comparison of 4H- and 6H-SiC MSM UV Photodetectors", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 717-720, pp. 1207-1210, 2012