Zirconia Blocks Properties Used for CAD/CAM Dentistry Restorations
Several CAD/CAM systems are available to dental prosthesis laboratories that can be used to make all-ceramic copings and frameworks. In Brazil, the use of these systems presents low demand, due principally the high blocks ceramics cost used for theses systems. The ceramic blocks are imported. To increase the dental ceramic CAD/CAM applications is necessary develop and produce the ceramics blocks in Brazil. The purpose of the present work is to compare the mechanical properties of blocks of zirconium developed in the Brazil (ProtMat® Co) and imported (VITA). It was determined the mechanical and physics properties of the two types of blocks of zirconium stabilized with ytria. The blocks have been sinterized at 1530 °C and their mechanical and physics properties were measured. The x-ray diffraction analysis showed only tetragonal phase, which improve the blocks toughness. The Vickers hardness and fracture toughness were 1300HV and 9 MPam1/2, respectively. High bending fracture resistance was obtained for both materials with average values of 910MPa. The Weibull modulus was m=10 for Brazilian and imported blocks. It was not observed an important difference among the microstructures and mechanical properties of the analyzed zirconium blocks.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
C. Santos et al., "Zirconia Blocks Properties Used for CAD/CAM Dentistry Restorations", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 727-728, pp. 804-808, 2012