Durability of Biodegradable Internal Fixation Plates

Abstract:

Article Preview

In this work prototypes of internal fixation plates of acetabular fractures were developed and manufactured. The injection moulding was used to produce polymeric and composite samples. The plates and paddle-like beam samples made of polylactide and the polymer composite modified with 7 wt. % of tricalcium phosphate were produced. The samples were incubated in physiological fluids for 8 months. During the in vitro tests their durability and mechanical properties were determined. In comparison to the pure polylactide the addition of TCP accelerated degradation process. The degradation of the composite started after about 100 days of incubation, whereas the initial polymer began to degrade about 50 days later. The obtained biodegradable plates revealed sufficient mechanical properties for internal fixation of acetabular fractures for bone joining.

Info:

Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 730-732)

Edited by:

Ana Maria Pires Pinto and António Sérgio Pouzada

Pages:

15-19

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.730-732.15

Citation:

B. Szaraniec "Durability of Biodegradable Internal Fixation Plates", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 730-732, pp. 15-19, 2013

Online since:

November 2012

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] P. Thomas, M. Thomsen, Implant allergies, Der Hautarzt 61(2010) 255 - 264.

[2] C.A.V. Kolk, B.S. Carson, M. Guarnieri, Craniomaxillofacial deformities, in: I.D. Papel (Eds. ), Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Thieme Medical Publishers Inc., New York, 2009, 1029-1042.

[3] L.S. Nair, C.T. Laurencin, Biodegradable polymers as biomaterials, Prog. Polym. Sci. 32 (2007) 762-794.

[4] J. Chłopek, A. Morawska-Chochół, B. Szaraniec, The influence of the environment on the degradation of polylactides and their composites , J. Achiev. Mat. Manuf. Engin. 43 (2010) 72–79.

[5] A. Morawska-Chochół, J. Jaworska, J. Chłopek, J. Kasperczyk, P. Dobrzyński, C. Paluszkiewicz, G. Bajor, Degradation of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) and its composites with carbon fibres and hydroxyapatite in rabbit femoral bone, Polym. Deg. Stab. 96 (2011).

DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2011.01.005

[6] R. Gutwald, R. Schön, N.C. Gellrich, A. Schramm, R. Schmelzeisen, H. Pistner, Bioresorbable implants in maxilla-facial osteosynthesis: Experimental and clinical experience, Injury, Int. J. Care Injured 33 (2002) S-B-4–16.

DOI: 10.1016/s0020-1383(02)00127-4

[7] M. Suchenski, et al., Material Properties and Composition of Soft-Tissue Fixation Arthroscopy 26 (2010) 821-831.

[8] B. Szaraniec, M. Dworak, J. Chłopek, Resorbable polymer plates in maxillofacial surgery, Engin. Biom. 12 (2009) 23–26.

[9] S. Aunoble, D. Clément, P. Frayssinet, M. F. Harmand, J. C. Le Huec, Biological performance of a new β-TCP/PLLA composite material for applications in spine surgery: In vitro and in vivo studies, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 78A (2006) 416-422.

DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.30749

[10] E. Stodolak, A. Góra, Ł. Zych, M. Szumera, Bioactivity of fibrous polymer based nanocomposites for application in regenerative medicine, Mater. Sci. Forum 714 (2012) 229–236.

DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.714.229

[11] A. Gruca, Chirurgia ortopedyczna, PZWL, Warszawa, (1966).

In order to see related information, you need to Login.