Effect of Austenite Grain Size on the Mechanical Properties in Air-Cooled 0.1C-5Mn Martensitic Steel
In 0.1C-5Mn steels, 5%Mn addition increases hardening ability and makes 100% martensitic transformation even in air cooling without water quenching. Their Ms and Mf temperatures are in the range of 350-250°C, and subzero treatment is not needed. This makes it possible to measure Ms and Mf temperatures accurately by dilatometry. Utilizing a newly developed experimental technique that makes it possible to examine phase transformation behavior and conduct tensile testing with the same specimen, we examined these relationships with identical specimens and obtained the following results. Ms temperature decreases as much as 40 K with a decrease in austenite grain size from 254 to 30 m. Regarding martensite structure, the packet size and the block length decrease, while the lath width does not change, with the refinement of austenite grain size by about one tenth. True stress - true strain curves obtained up to fracture elucidates that the austenite refinement substantially improves true fracture strength and greatly increases true fracture strain of martensite, potentially invalidating the conventional concept of a trade-off balance between strength and ductility.
B. Mishra, M. Ionescu and T. Chandra
T. Hanamura et al., "Effect of Austenite Grain Size on the Mechanical Properties in Air-Cooled 0.1C-5Mn Martensitic Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 783-786, pp. 1027-1032, 2014