Anti-Adhesive Finishing of Temporary Implant Surfaces by a Plasma-Fluorocarbon-Polymer
Titanium implant surfaces should ideally be designed to support the subsequent clinical application. Therefore temporarily used implants have to fulfill both the mechanical stabilization of the bone stock and furthermore in trauma surgery the disintegration into the bone because the implant should be removed after fracture healing. The anti-adhesive plasma-fluorocarbon-polymer (PFP) films were synthesized using two different low-pressure plasma sources, the 2.45 GHz microwave (mw) and the 13.56 MHz capacitively coupled radio-frequency (rf) discharge in a mixture of the precursor octafluoropropane (C3F8) and hydrogen (H2). The film properties were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, water contact angle measurements, and abrasive strength tests. Cell adhesion and spreading of human osteoblasts were clearly reduced on these PFP surfaces. First in vivo data on the biocompatibility of the PFP films deposited in the rf-discharge demonstrate that the local inflammatory tissue response for PFP coating was comparable to controls, while a PFP coating deposited in mw plasma induced stronger tissue reactions.
B. Mishra, M. Ionescu and T. Chandra
B. Finke et al., "Anti-Adhesive Finishing of Temporary Implant Surfaces by a Plasma-Fluorocarbon-Polymer", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 783-786, pp. 1238-1243, 2014