In Situ Al3Nb Formation in Liquid Al by Nb Particle Addition
Master alloys are used in the metals industry to control chemical composition and to help to achieve a particular microstructure or promote growth of desired phases. This study reports on making a Al3Nb containing aluminium (Al) - niobium (Nb) master alloy by solid-liquid reaction processing, where solid Nb particles are added to the liquid Al. Nb react with Al to form in-situ Al3Nb. The in-situ formed Al3Nb particles were facet and polygonal in shape. The three dimensional analysis revealed that the outer surface of the partially reacted Nb was covered with faceted Al3Nb particles. The different nature and morphologies of the in-situ phases that were produced were determined using SEM, EDX, XRD and extraction techniques. A mechanism for the observed microstructural difference is discussed.
T. Berecz, K. Májlinger, I.N. Orbulov and P.J. Szabó
S. Kumar et al., "In Situ Al3Nb Formation in Liquid Al by Nb Particle Addition", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 812, pp. 131-136, 2015