Accounting Model of CO2 and its Application in Integrated Iron and Steel Enterprises


Article Preview

Integrated iron and steel enterprises is taken as the research object. Under the guidance of GHG Protocol standards for carbon emissions, the carbon dioxide accounting models on the process as a whole boundary are established, in which, the carbon emissions inventory is divided into three levels and the input data consists of CO2 emission coefficient and activity factor level data. The process model is the accounting model that the carbon emission is obtained through the balance of carbon input and carbon output outside the process boundary under the condition of considering the enterprise circulation. This article also researched one integrated iron and steel enterprise as a case. The results show that the model can quantify the emissions of different processes, provide basic value for the enterprise reduction, Identify major carbon source, identify the influence on carbon emissions by the changes of fuel structure, the structure of the process parameters and outsourcing by-product internal circulation. Therefore the model results can be used in the carbon emissions of enterprise internal assessment and decision-making.



Edited by:

Yafang Han, Jiatao Zhang and Jianguo Zhu




Z. J. Huang et al., "Accounting Model of CO2 and its Application in Integrated Iron and Steel Enterprises", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 814, pp. 607-619, 2015

Online since:

March 2015




[1] IPCC. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis Summary for Policymaker[R], Switzerland: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change , (2007).

DOI: 10.1017/cbo9780511546013.004

[2] International Energy Agency: CO2 Emissions From Fuel Combustion Highlights 2013. http: /www. iea. org/publications/freepublications/publication/CO2EmissionsFromFuelCombustionHighlights2013. pdf.

[3] X.L. Liu, S.Y. Wang. China's primary energy consumption in various industries produced by carbon dioxide emissions forecast in 2011[J]. Science and Technology for Development, 2011, (01): 30.

[4] IPCC. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories[M], (2007).

[5] British Standdards Institution(BSI). PAS2050: specification for the assessment of the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of goods and service[S]. British: DEFRA, (2008).

[6] China Natinoal Institute of Standardization. Corporate greenhouse gas Accounting and Reporting[M]. Beijing: China Zhijian Publishing House, 2011: 64~76.

[7] WRI and WBCSD. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol [R]. A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard Revised Edition, (2004).

[8] WRI and WBCSD. Sector Toolsets: Iron&Steel, 2008. http: / www. ghgprotocol. org/ calculation -tools/ iron-and-steel-sector.

[9] International Iron and Steellnstitute. Climate Change Emissions Caculation Tool User Guide Version 7. 00[J], (2004).

[10] World Steel Association. CO2 Emissions Data Collection User Guide, Version 6. http: /www. worldsteel. org/media-centre/press-releases/2008/data-collection-launch. html.

[11] Posco. Carbon Report[R]. Korea: posco, (2009).

[12] Nippon Steel. Sustainability Report[R]. Japan: nippon steel, (2008).

[13] Baoshan Iron and Steel Group. 2008 CSR Report of Baoshan Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd.

[14] World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), World Resource Institute (WRI). The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. Revised Edition[R]. ISBN 1-56973-568-9, USA: WRI and WBCSD, (2004).

[15] C.X. Zhang, F.Q. ShangGuan, R.Y. Yin. Discussion on GHG Emission Reduction in the Steel Industry[J]. Journal of Engineering Studies, 2012, 4(3): 221-230.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.