Magnetic Properties and Unusual Morphologies of Barium Ferrites Prepared by Electrospinning and Sol-Gel Auto-Combustion Method
Barium ferrite fibers and barium ferrite powders were successfully prepared respectively via Electrospinning method and sol-gel auto-combustion method by using Fe (NO3)3·9H2O, Ba (NO3)2 as one of the main raw materials. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FSEM) were used to study the phase composition and microstructure of barium ferrite. The results showed that barium ferrite fibers consist of a mixture of barium ferrite particles, the diameter of fibers is about 200 nm; barium ferrite powders prepared by sol-gel auto-combustion method were flake barium ferrite compositing of rod-like grains of less than 100 nm in size stacking disorderly. Magnetic properties were investigated by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), the results showed that the values of Mr, Ms, and Hc of barium ferrite fibers and powders are quite different due to their different morphologies.
Yafang Han, Zhong Wei Gu and Qiang Fu
G. F. Liu et al., "Magnetic Properties and Unusual Morphologies of Barium Ferrites Prepared by Electrospinning and Sol-Gel Auto-Combustion Method", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 815, pp. 141-146, 2015