The Consequence on Structural Adhesive Bonding of Humid Thermoplastic Composites and Possibilities of Prevention
A modern lightweight design with dissimilar materials such as metals in combination with fiber-reinforced polycaprolactam represents a possible lightweight variant in the automotive body shop. One of the issues arising from the use of polycaprolactam is its hygroscopy. The collected moisture evaporates out during the curing of the adhesive in the paint drying process and causes the adhesive to foam up. This leads to a decrease of the structural bonding strength. Many different factors, such as waterjet cutting processes, transportation and storage in undefined environmental conditions before the gluing process, as well as the flushing bath of the painting pretreatment, can contribute to the component humidity.Based on the common lap-shear test, this essay presents the influence of the substrate humidity on the bonding strength as well as possible pretreatment methods to avoid or decrease the negative influence of the substrate humidity. Using infrared radiation or atmosphere plasma localized at the bonding spot, the substrate begins to dry resulting in a bond with better bonding strength. For the future it is planned to test other options like laser substrate drying, adhesive modifications with regard to viscosity and moisture catcher enrichment.
Christian Edtmaier and Guillermo Requena
A. T. Bochtler et al., "The Consequence on Structural Adhesive Bonding of Humid Thermoplastic Composites and Possibilities of Prevention", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 825-826, pp. 490-497, 2015