Experimental and Numerical Study of Macrosegregation in a 160 Steel Ingot
Large steel ingots are the important material for the equipment manufacturing industry. It is still difficult to predict and control the macrosegregation in ingot. In this paper, the cooling curves at the surface of ingot and temperature variation of the mold were measured. The carbon distribution was measured through the local region dissection of ingot. Then, based on the definite the heat transfer coefficient at the interface of mold/ingot, a two-phase model with consideration of the motion of equiaxed grains is applied for the prediction of macrosegregation in 160-t steel ingot formed during the solidification. The results indicate that the heat transfer coefficient at the interface of mold/ingot decreases sharply after starting solidification and then varies slowly. Negative segregation at the bottom of ingot forms due to the interaction of solidification interface and equiaxed grains deposition during solidification. The positive segregation appears in the riser with thanks to the solidification shrinkage and the floating enriched solute. Finally, the results of the predicted and the measured are in good agreement.
Prof. Yafang Han, Ying Wu, Guangxian Li, Fu Sheng Pan, Runhua Fan and Xuefeng Liu
Z. H. Duan et al., "Experimental and Numerical Study of Macrosegregation in a 160 Steel Ingot", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 850, pp. 299-306, 2016