The Effect of Preparation Temperature of Electrolytes on Undoped and Ag-Doped TiO2 Nanotube Structures
In this work, we present the effect of preparation temperature of electrolytes for fabricating undoped and silver (Ag) doped titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes by the electrochemical anodic oxidation of pure titanium sheets in electrolytes, mixtures of ethylene glycol (EG), ammonium fluoride (NH4F) and deionized water, that contain with different of silver ions. Heat treatment of electrolytes was carried out at 100 °C during preparation process. The morphology and structure of prepared nanotubes were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The structures of TiO2 nanotubes obtained from heat treatment and non-heat treatment of electrolyte solutions and adding silver ions in electrolyte solution are similar. The nanotubes appear in arrays and the diameters of nanotubes were about 92 nm for non-heat treatment electrolyte solution and undoped TiO2 and about 102 nm for heat treatment electrolyte solution and all Ag-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays. When the concentration of silver nitrate (AgNO3) increases, the TiO2 nanotube arrays cracked and are not well arranged.
J.J. Delaunay, J.H. Zhou and L. Lu
S. Photharin et al., "The Effect of Preparation Temperature of Electrolytes on Undoped and Ag-Doped TiO2 Nanotube Structures", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 860, pp. 7-11, 2016