Application of Vertical-Type High-Speed Twin-Roll Casting for Up-Grade Recycling and Clad Sheets Fabrication of Aluminum Alloys
A horizontal-type twin roll casting method has been popular for producing aluminum alloy strips, however, it is characterized by a relatively low productivity (1~6 m/min). In contrast, a vertical-type high-speed twin-roll casting method possesses an extremely high productivity (60~120 m/min (1~2 m/s)) and an excellent heat extraction ability. The rapid cooling effect provided significant microstructure refinement and mechanical properties improvement in various kinds of cast aluminum alloy products. Not only “product to product recycling” but also “up-grade recycling” can be achieved by making good use of these merits. Two examples of application showing the potential of vertical-type high-speed twin roll casting method are presented. (1) Several kinds of Al-Si base alloy were cast into the strips. Not only strength and toughness but also formability was increased in the twin roll cast products. In particular, great improvement in deformability shows the potential of the twin-roll cast aluminum alloy products as substitutes for some wrought aluminum alloy products. (2) The vertical-type tandem twin-roll caster was able to fabricate a clad strip by single step. The A4045/A3003/A4045 aluminum alloy clad sheets produced by the twin-roll casting showed better mechanical properties than the conventional hot-roll bonded clad sheets.
Qing Liu, Jian-Feng Nie, Robert Sanders, Zhihong Jia and Lingfei Cao
S. Kumai et al., "Application of Vertical-Type High-Speed Twin-Roll Casting for Up-Grade Recycling and Clad Sheets Fabrication of Aluminum Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 877, pp. 56-61, 2017