Development of Joining Method between Zircaloy and SiC/SiC Composite Tubes by Using Diode Laser
Silicon carbide fiber reinforced silicon carbide composite (SiC/SiC composite) is expected as a potential replacement of the current Zircaloy fuel cladding in the light-water reactor because of its many superiorities, where it is necessary to develop the end-cap seal of SiC/SiC composite cladding. In this research, the applicability of diode laser irradiation for joining between Zircaloy and SiC/SiC composite tubes was examined based on the caulking method. As the method for fitting two tubes, the screw cutting was conducted for the inner face of Zircaloy tube and the outer surface of SiC/SiC composite. In addition, as a method to improve the joinability of Zircaloy and SiC/SiC composite, titanium nanopowder was inserted into a gap between two tubes. The laser beam irradiation was circumferentially applied to the outer surface of Zircaloy tube. Although the mechanical caulking joint was successfully produced, the airtightness was insufficient for the end-caps of SiC/SiC composite cladding. However, the good adhesion between Zircaloy and SiC/SiC composite was partially produced as the result of the generation of all proportional solid solution between titanium and zirconium. Namely, it can be concluded that the circumferential diode laser irradiation with inserting titanium nanopowder between Zircaloy and SiC/SiC composite tubes would have a good potential for producing the caulking joint of two tubes.
C. Sommitsch, M. Ionescu, B. Mishra, E. Kozeschnik and T. Chandra
H. Serizawa et al., "Development of Joining Method between Zircaloy and SiC/SiC Composite Tubes by Using Diode Laser", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 879, pp. 1743-1748, 2017