Defects and Charging Processes in Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Studied by Operando Magnetometry and Positron Annihilation
A brief report is given on recent studies of the atomistic processes during charging of battery cathode material LixCoO2 by means of magnetometry and positron annihilation. A set-up for operando magnetometry is implemented which, for the first time, allowed to continuously monitor the distinct variation of the magnetic susceptibility χ of LixCoO2 which occurs during consecutive charging and discharging cycles. The variation of χ with Li+ content in the concentration range 1>x≥0.77 arises from a variation of the electronic density of states and from electronic correlation effects. The χ (x)-behaviour for x<0.77 shows that oxygen is involved in the charging process. Positron annihilation reveals vacancy-type defects on the Li-sublattice, the size of which increases with Li-extraction. Indication for Li-reordering at the reversibility limit of Li extraction is found which correlates with χ (x)-variations in this concentration regime. First measurements on LixCoO2 thin-films performed at the positron beam line NEPOMUC of FRM II at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz neutron source will be presented.
C. Sommitsch, M. Ionescu, B. Mishra, E. Kozeschnik and T. Chandra
R. Würschum et al., "Defects and Charging Processes in Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Studied by Operando Magnetometry and Positron Annihilation", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 879, pp. 2125-2130, 2017