Deformation Behavior of Fe-Al-Co-Ti Single Crystals Containing Co2AlTi Precipitates
Deformation behavior of Fe-15Al-18Co-3Ti (at.%) single crystals containing the Co2AlTi precipitates was examined. In the single crystals furnace-cooled (FC) from 1373 K to room temperature, coarse Co2AlTi phase with the L21 structure was precipitated in the bcc matrix. The L21 phase showed a cuboidal shape with a misfit strain of 0.59%. It is also noted that large amount of Fe substituted for Co in the Co2AlTi precipitates. The FC single crystals exhibited high yield stress above 600 MPa up to 823 K while further increase in temperature resulted in a decrease in yield stress. In the FC crystals, 1/2<111> dislocations in the bcc matrix bypassed the coarse L21 precipitates due to their large misfit strain, resulting in high strength. In contrast, the fine L21 precipitates about 30 nm in diameter were observed in the crystals after solutionization and annealing at 823 K. The crystals with the fine L21 precipitates demonstrated high yield stress above 1400 MPa at room temperature. Paired 1/2<111> dislocations cut the fine L21 precipitates, which led to high strength. The dependence of the yield stress on the precipitate size was also discussed.
C. Sommitsch, M. Ionescu, B. Mishra, E. Kozeschnik and T. Chandra
H. Y. Yasuda and R. Kobayashi, "Deformation Behavior of Fe-Al-Co-Ti Single Crystals Containing Co2AlTi Precipitates", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 879, pp. 2210-2215, 2017