Photonic Application of Diatom Frustules

Abstract:

Article Preview

Diatoms are unicellular aquatic microalgae possessing amazing self-assembled ordered micro-and nanoporous hierarchical silica cell walls called frustules. The quasi-periodic and highly regular pore patterns on the diatom surface are very attractive for applications based on optical and photonic properties of materials. The present contribution reports on pioneering research aimed at explore the multiple scattering and localization of light shown by diatom frustules in order to amplify their photoluminescence in a random laser (RL), as this technology is highly attractive for medical diagnostics and other advanced applications. RL is a special type of laser in which the optical feedback is due to light scattering in an amplifying medium instead of a conventional optical cavity. We have studied a set of selected frustules with different shapes and pore patterns, obtained from diatom cultivation in large scale photobioreactors, for comparative analysis of their random lasing effect in the bioscaffold soaked with organic dyes having luminescence in the visible range. Taking advantage from a multidisciplinary approach combining expertise from biology, physics and materials sciences, relying on high-resolution instrumentation and advanced algal cultivation equipment the results about random laser emission in the composite material were obtained. This will allow going ahead in the research aimed to the application to photonic devices in the field of medicine and medical diagnostic.

Info:

Periodical:

Main Theme:

Edited by:

C. Sommitsch, M. Ionescu, B. Mishra, E. Kozeschnik and T. Chandra

Pages:

419-423

Citation:

F. de Matteis et al., "Photonic Application of Diatom Frustules", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 879, pp. 419-423, 2017

Online since:

November 2016

Keywords:

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] Prasad P.N., Introduction to biophotonics, Wiley-Interscience, New York (2003).

[2] Wang Y., Cai J., Jiang Y., Jiang X., Zhang D., Preparation of biosilica structures from frustules of diatoms and their applications: current state and perspectives, Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97 (2013) 453-460.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4568-0

[3] Toster J., Iyer K.S., Xiang W., Rosei F., Spiccia L. and Raston C.L., Diatom frustules as light traps enhance DSSC efficiency, Nanoscale 5 (2013) 873-876.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c2nr32716c

[4] Lettieri S., De Stefano L., De Stefano M., Maddalena P., The Gas‐Detection Properties of Light‐Emitting Diatoms, Adv Funct Mater 18(8) (2008) 1257-1264.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200701124

[5] Olof S.N., Grieve J.A., Phillips D.B., Rosenkranz H., Yallop M.L., Miles M.J., Patil A.J., Mann S., Carberry D.M., Measuring nanoscale forces with living probes, Nano Lett 14; 12(11) (2012) 6018-23.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/nl303585w

[6] Wiersma D.S., The physics and applications of random lasers, Nature Phys. 4 (2008) 359.

[7] Lawandy N.M., Balachandran R.M., Gomes A.S.L., Sauvain E., Laser action in strongly scattering media, Nature 368 (1994) 436.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/368436a0

[8] LongWu L., Deng L., Random lasers in dye-doped polymer-dispersed liquid crystals containing silver nanoparticles, Phys. B: Cond. Mat. 407, 24 (2012) 4826.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2012.09.023

[9] Yadav A., De Angelis R., Casalboni M., De Matteis F., Prosposito P., Nanni F., Cacciotti I., Spectral properties of self-assembled polystyrene nanospheres photonic crystals doped with luminescent dyes, Opt. Mater., 35 (2013) 1538-1543.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2013.03.020

[10] Laine R.M., Rand S., Hinklin T., Williams G.R., Ultrafine powders and their use as lasing media, US Patent 6, 656, 588 (2003).

[11] Dos Santos M.V., Dominguez C.T., Schiavon J.V., Barud H.S., de Melo L.S. A, Ribeiro S.J. L, Gomes A.S.L. and de Araújo C.B., Random laser action from flexible biocellulose-based device, J Appl Phys 115 (2014) 083108.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866686

[12] Gather M.C. and Seok H.Y., Single-cell biological lasers, Nature Photon 5 (2011) 406.

[13] Lamastra F.R., De Angelis R., Antonucci A., Salvatori D., Prosposito P., Casalboni M., Congestri R., Melino S., Nanni F., Polymer composite random lasers based on frustules as scatterers, RSC Advances, 4(106) (2014) 61809-61816.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra12519c

[14] Casalboni M., De Matteis F., Merlo V., Prosposito P., Russo R. and Schutzmann S., 1. 3 μm-light amplification in dye-doped hybrid sol-gel channel waveguides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (2003) 416.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1593227

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.