Tool Life Analysis when Turning Ti-6Al-4V Using Vegetable Oil-Based Cutting Fluid
This paper details experimental results when turning Ti-6Al-4V using water-miscible vegetable oil-based cutting fluid. The effects of coolant concentration and working conditions on tool flank wear and tool life were evaluated. L27 fractional factorial Taguchi array was employed. Tool wear (VBB) ranged between 28.8 and 110 µm. The study concluded that a combination of VOs based cutting fluid concentration (10%), low cutting speed (58 m/min), feed rate (0.1mm/rev) and depth of cut (0.75mm) is necessary to minimise VBB. Additionally, it is noted that tool wear was significantly affected by cutting speeds. ANOVA results showed that the cutting fluid concentration is statistically insignificant on tool flank wear. A notable increase in tool life (TL) was recorded when a lower cutting speed was used.
S. Gariani et al., "Tool Life Analysis when Turning Ti-6Al-4V Using Vegetable Oil-Based Cutting Fluid", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 882, pp. 36-40, 2017