Tool Life Analysis when Turning Ti-6Al-4V Using Vegetable Oil-Based Cutting Fluid


Article Preview

This paper details experimental results when turning Ti-6Al-4V using water-miscible vegetable oil-based cutting fluid. The effects of coolant concentration and working conditions on tool flank wear and tool life were evaluated. L27 fractional factorial Taguchi array was employed. Tool wear (VBB) ranged between 28.8 and 110 µm. The study concluded that a combination of VOs based cutting fluid concentration (10%), low cutting speed (58 m/min), feed rate (0.1mm/rev) and depth of cut (0.75mm) is necessary to minimise VBB. Additionally, it is noted that tool wear was significantly affected by cutting speeds. ANOVA results showed that the cutting fluid concentration is statistically insignificant on tool flank wear. A notable increase in tool life (TL) was recorded when a lower cutting speed was used.



Edited by:

Sujan Debnath




S. Gariani et al., "Tool Life Analysis when Turning Ti-6Al-4V Using Vegetable Oil-Based Cutting Fluid", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 882, pp. 36-40, 2017

Online since:

January 2017




* - Corresponding Author

[1] L. E. de Angelo Sanchez, G.L. Palma, I. Marinescu, D.L. Modolo, L.J. Nalon, A.E. Santos, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture 227 (2013) 220-234.


[2] E. Bennett, Tribology international 16 (1983) 133-136.

[3] S. M. Alves, J. Oliveira, Vegetable based cutting fluid-an environmental alternative to grinding process, 15th CIRP international conference on life cycle engineering, Syndey, 2008, pp.664-668.

[4] S. Debnath, M.M. Reddy, Q.S. Yi, Journal of Cleaner Production 83 (2014) 33-47.

[5] S. A. Lawal, Indian Journal of Science and Technology 6 (2013) 3951-3956.

[6] H. Abdalla, W. Baines, G. McIntyre, C. Slade, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 34 (2007) 21-33.

[7] H. Noureddini, B. Teoh, L.D. Clements, Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society 69 (1992) 1189-1191.

[8] Y. Shashidhara, S. Jayaram, Tribology International 43 (2010) 1073-1081.

[9] P. Joseph, D. Saxena, D. Sharma, Journal of Synthetic Lubrication 24 (2007) 181-197.

[10] E. Kuram, B. Ozcelik, E. Demirbas, Environmentally friendly machining: vegetable based cutting fluids, Green Manufacturing Processes and Systems, Springer, 2013, pp.23-47.


[11] S. Thamizhmanii, S. H. Rosli, Archives of Materials Science and Engineering 39 (2009) 38-44.

[12] M. Rahman, Z. -G. Wang, Y. -S. Wong, JSME International Journal Series C 49 (2006) 11-20.

[13] J. M. P. Zeman, CUTTING TOOL DEVELOPMENT FOR EFFECTIVE MILLING OF TI6AL4V in: M.S. Journal (Ed. ) 11th International Conference on High Speed Machining MM Science Journal 2014, p.7.