Thin-Walled Composite and Plastic Shells for Civil and Industrial Buildings and Erections

Abstract:

Article Preview

Commercial production of synthetic resin has begun at the beginning of the XX century. In 1950s in the USA, small-span dome roofs, scanner assemblies and spherical hangars for radars made of plastic began to appear. Later, invention of reinforced plastics gave a possibility to use them in thin-walled shells for civil and industrial buildings. The subject of the paper associates with today’s renewed interest in thin shells. The modern theoretical base of strength analyses of composite structures give a possibility to design different structures and buildings. The possibility of the application of composites as the basic elements of thin-walled shell structures of industrial and civil purpose are illustrated by the concrete examples. The paper presents information on the well-known composite shells of positive Gaussian curvature in the form of spherical and umbrella domes or with more complex middle surfaces and presents materials that are absent in other publications. The paper contains 9 figures and 15 references.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Saadah Abdul Rahman, Hao Gong, Kai Li and K.M. Gupta

Pages:

45-51

Citation:

S. N. Krivoshapko et al., "Thin-Walled Composite and Plastic Shells for Civil and Industrial Buildings and Erections", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 895, pp. 45-51, 2017

Online since:

March 2017

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] Lopez Jimenez, F., Pellegrino, S. Constitutive modeling of fiber composites with a soft hyperelastic matrix. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 49, February 2012 (3-4), pp.635-647.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2011.11.006

[2] Slitzkouhov, Yu.V. and others. Structures from Wood and Plastic. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1986, 543 p.

[3] Cecchini, Cecilia. New methods for exhibiting plastic material through design, research, preservation and educational means: the plart foundation (plastic + art). CnS – La Chimica nella Scuola XXXIV -3 Proceedings ICCE-ECRICE, pp.72-74.

[4] Hyeng, Ch.A. Bock, Krivoshapko, S.N. Umbrella-Type Surfaces in Architecture of Spatial Structures. IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN), 2013, Vol. 3, Iss. 3, pp.43-53.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/3021-03334353

[5] Ayrapetov D.P., Zavarihin, S.P., Makotinskiy, M.P. Plastics in Architecture. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1981, 190 p.

[6] Gurit Engineered Structures Images: www. flickr. com/photos (2015).

[7] Azarov, A.V. On theory of net composite shells. Izv. RAN. MTT, 2013, № 1, pp.71-83.

[8] Kim, D. -H. Composite Structures for Civil and Architectural Engineering. E & FN SPON, London, 1995, 500 p.

[9] Engelsmann, Stephan, Spalding, Valerie, Peters, Stefan. Plastics in Architecture and Construction. Walter de Gruyter, 2010, 176 p.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783034611947

[10] Kottas, Dimitris. Architecture and Construction in Plastic. Links International, 2012, 240 p.

[11] Stig, F., Hallström, S. Spatial modelling of 3D-woven textiles. Composite Structures, 2012, 94 (5), pp.1495-1502.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2011.12.003

[12] Gubarev, V.V., Filimonov, E.V. Stress-strain state of glass-reinforced plastic membrane shell in the form of a hyperbolic paraboloid, Nov. Legk. Konstruktzii Zdaniy, Rostov n/D, 1985, pp.75-83.

[13] Olodo, E.T., Adjovi, E.C., Krivoshapko, S.N. Geometrical modeling of a composite folded membrane by a developable membrane with parabolic guidelines of any order, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 2013, Vol. 4, Iss. 4, pp.338-343.

[14] Stegmann, J., Lund, E. Discrete material optimization of general composite shell structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 2005, Vol. 62, Iss. 14, p.2009–(2027).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1259

[15] Qatu, M., Asadi, E., Wang, W. Review of Recent Literature on Static Analyses of Composite Shells: 2000-2010, Open Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2012, pp.61-86.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/ojcm.2012.23009