Erucamide-Nanoclay Systems Obtained by Intercalation Process
A major challenge in the manufacture of films for polymeric packaging is the definition and setting of the friction coefficient (FCO) for the film surfaces. The FCO values are established with the incorporation of additives during the processing of the polymeric films. But, the homogenization of these additives in the polymeric matrix is very difficult. The additives have different polarity that the matrix polymeric and not are mixable. So, these additives migrate for the surface of the polymeric films easily. Several molecules are used as sliding additives, but among the most efficient are the amides molecules, highlighting the erucamide. This molecule promotes the decrease of the FOC but due its quick migration for the polymeric film surface provides numerous problems for the manufacture of the polymeric packaging and during its application as the product. In this work a nanocomposite (MMT-ERU) was obtained by an intercalation process to improve the compatibility between the polymeric materials and the erucamide molecules. The results shown in this work refers to the studies about the intercalation processes of the erucamide molecules into nanoclays (montmorillonite) to obtain the nanocomposite MMT-ERU. The effect of the temperature and the percentage of the nanoclay in the intercalation processes were studied. The results of x-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry shown that erucamide molecules were intercalated in the nanoclay structures and that intercalation efficiency depends positively of the temperature and percentage amount of the nanoclay in the reaction medium.
Aloisio Nelmo Klein, Uílame Umbelino Gomes, Nério Vicente Jr. and Dr. Henning Zoz
J. R. Silvano et al., "Erucamide-Nanoclay Systems Obtained by Intercalation Process", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 899, pp. 36-41, 2017