The Effect of Cutting Speed and Feed Rate on Surface Roughness and Tool Wear when Machining Machining D2 Steel
Machining parameters is a main aspect in performing turning operations using lathe machines. Cutting parameters such as cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut gives big influence on the dynamic behavior of the machining system. In machining parts, surface quality and tool wear are the most crucial customer requirements. This is because the major indication of surface quality on machined part is the surface roughness and the value of tool wear. Hence, to improve the surface roughness and minimize the forming of tool wear, the optimum feed rate and cutting speed will be determined. The input parameter such as cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut always influence the tool wear, surface roughness, cutting force, cutting temperature, tool life and dimensional accuracy. The D2 steel was being investigated from the perspective of the effect of cutting speed and feed rate on its surface roughness and tool wear. The results show that cutting speed is the main parameter which affects the surface roughness where the most optimum parameter would be at cutting speed of 173, 231 and 288 m/min with feed rate of 0.15 mm/rev. The tool wear strongly affected by feed rate where at 0.15 mm/rev the tool wear value is the lowest. The combination of high cutting speed and low feed rate was the best parameter to achieve smooth surface roughness.
Mohd Hamdi Bin Abd Shukor, Omar S. Es-Said and J.H. Chang
M. R. Ibrahim et al., "The Effect of Cutting Speed and Feed Rate on Surface Roughness and Tool Wear when Machining Machining D2 Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 909, pp. 80-85, 2017