Microstructure Analysis of Laser Bonding Welding on Steel-Aluminum
Laser bonding welding test of the lap joint between steel and Al was conducted. The microstructure analysis is carried out by means of metallographic microscope, which provides an important theoretical and experimental basis for the popularization and application of laser welding of steel / aluminum dissimilar metal structures. The results showed that under the conditions of 1650W laser power, 35m/s welding speed, +3mm defocus amount and 25L/min flow rate of Ar as the protective gas, there are no cracks, pores and inclusions in the weld zone. The fusion line is smooth and smooth. Under the conditions of 1650W laser power, 38m/s welding speed, +3mm defocus amount and 25L/min flow rate of Ar as the protective gas, the overall appearance of the weld zone of the laser welding joint, there are serious cracks, pores and other defects in the weld area. In the P=1680W, V=35mm/s, f=+1mm, q=20L/min, the crystal structure appeared, in the process of cooling, the crack expands and forms a radial shape under the action of internal stress.
K. Xu and S. Q. Zhang, "Microstructure Analysis of Laser Bonding Welding on Steel-Aluminum", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 911, pp. 28-33, 2018