Antimicrobial Activity of Copper Sulfate and Copper Oxide Embedded on Polyurethane Foam


Article Preview

CuSO4-deposited and CuO-deposited polyurethane foam (PUF) were fabricated in this study. Image analysis showed color transformation of the PUF from yellow to blue-green, which is indicative of the deposited CuSO4 particles on the substrate. Further color transformation of the material from blue-green to greenish-brown after soaking in NaOH suggest that the CuSO4 oxidized to form CuO, which was confirmed by the presence of CuO peaks during XRD analysis. SEM images also reveal the presence of CuO rods embedded in the PUF. The antibacterial activities of the CuSO4- and CuO-deposited samples against the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacteria were conducted.



Edited by:

Prof. Ramesh K. Agarwal




M. L. D. Pulutan et al., "Antimicrobial Activity of Copper Sulfate and Copper Oxide Embedded on Polyurethane Foam", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 917, pp. 22-26, 2018

Online since:

March 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] T. Huang, M. Sui, M. and J, Li : Sci. Total Environ. Vol. 574 (2017), pp.818-828.

[2] Y. Li, D,T. McCarthy and A. Deletic : Ecol. Eng. Vol. 90 (2016), pp.234-243.

[3] M. Hadidi, A. Bigham, E. Saebnoori, S.A. Hassanzadeh-Tabrizi, S. Rahmati, Z.M. Alizadeh, V. Nasirian and M Rafienia : Surf. Coat. Technol. Vol. 321 (2017), p.171–179.


[4] U. Rasool and S. Hemalatha : Mater. Lett. Vol. 194 (2017), p.176–180.

[5] A. Eivazihollagh, B. Bäckström, C. Dahlström, F. Carlsson, I. Ibrahem, B. Lindman, H. Edlund and M. Norgren : Mater. Lett. Vol. 187 (2017), p.170–172.


[6] G. Ren, D. Hu, E.W.C. Cheng, M.A. Vargas-Reus, P. Reip, and R.P. Allaker, R. P : Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents. Vol 33 (2009), pp.587-590.

[7] A. Alswat, M.B. Ahmad, M.Z. Hussein, N.A. Ibrahim and T.A. Saleh, T. A : submitted to J. Mater. Sci. Technol. (2017).

[8] I. Sondi, and B. Salopek-Sondi : J. Colloid Interface Sci. Vol. 275 (2004), pp.177-182.

[9] U.B. Jagtap and V.A. Bapat : Ind. Crops Prod. Vol. 46 (2013), pp.132-137.

[10] V. Scuderi, M.A. Buccheri, G. Impellizzeri, A. Di Mauro, G. Rappazzob, K. Bergum, B.G. Svensson and V. Privitera : Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. Vol. 42 (2016), pp.32-35.

[11] A. Mahmood, F. Tezcan and G. Kardas : submitted Int. J. Hydrogen Energy (2017).

[12] R. Agarwal, K. Verma, N. K Agrawal, R.K. Duchaniya and R. Singh : Appl. Therm. Eng. Vol. 102 (2016), pp.1024-1036.

[13] S.B. Wang, X.Q. Wang, H.L. Zhang, and W.B. Zhang : J. Alloys Compd. Vol. 685 (2016), pp.22-27.

[14] T. Kruk, K. Szczepanowicz, J. Stefanska, R.P. Socha and P. Warszynski : Colloids Surf., B Vol. 128 (2015), pp.17-22.

[15] H. Siddiqui, M.S. Qureshi and F.Z. Haque : Optik Vol. 127 (2016), pp.2740-2747.

[16] T. Jiang, Y. Wang, D. Meng, X. Wu, J. Wang, and J. Chen : Appl. Surf. Sci. Vol 311 (2014), pp.602-608.

[17] A. Serrano, A.M. Borreguero, I. Garrido, J.F. Rodríguez and M. Carmona : Polym. Test. Vol. 60 (2017), p.274–282.

[18] L.C. Xu, and C.A. Siedlecki : Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials (Elsevier Ltd. 2016).