Materials for Modern Technologies IV

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Authors: Fang Bai, Jing Li, Chao Hua
Abstract: At present, traditional organic agents and catalyst have the lack of low efficiency, poor selectivity, toxicity, environmental pollution and so on. As a new type of green high efficient solvent and catalyst, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have become one of the hotspots in the green chemistry field. In this paper, domestic and foreign research on DESs in separation and catalysis are reviewed in detail. Firstly, we summarize the characteristic properties of DESs. Secondly, the paper presents a review of DESs application in separation and catalysis. Thirdly, it point out the future research direction of DESs in separation and catalysis fields. All these provide comprehensive guidance in the future study and application of DESs.
Authors: Shun Xing Liang, Jin Cheng Wang, Lai Chang Zhang
Abstract: In this work, the heat-activated persulfate (PS) in the presence of Fe78Si9B13 metallic glasses (MGs) shows an extremely difference in degradation of azo dye and triarylmethane dye, where Fe78Si9B13 MGs exhibits a superior activation ability for PS with assistance of heat leading to the fast removal of two dyes. The structural features of Fe78Si9B13 MGs are firstly characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), following analysis of surface topography by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that with the addition of Fe78Si9B13 MGs, the recalcitrant azo dye is completely removed within 5 min while only 6% of removal rate can be achieved without adding MGs, indicating that the refractory azo dye can be easily degraded by sulfate radical (SO4) from heat/MGs/PS. On the other hand, no big variation occurs between PS and MGs/PS under heat activation in degrading triarylmethane dye. Sole PS activated by heat results in a fast removal rate, indicating that triarylmethane dye can be easily degraded by PS itself compared to azo dye. The findings in this work present an in-depth understanding of heat/MGs/PS system in dyes degradation.
Authors: Li Li Ma, Qing Lin Xie, Nan Chun Chen, Hui Xu, Hai Miao Zhou, Qing Feng Yu
Abstract: In this study, calcium carbonate was used to coat and link the surface of diatomite for the formation of a novel modified adsorbent (referred to as Ca–diatomite). Various analytical techniques were used to characterize structure and mechanisms of modification and adsorption process, like Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD). Results showed that that Calcium carbonate had been successful grafted onto the surface of diatomite after modification, and Calcium carbonate modification improved the adsorption performance of diatomite for the removal of lead (II) ions from aqueous solution. Ca–diatomite adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetics were also been studied. The adsorption isotherms and the kinetic data were best fitted with the Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order kinetics, respectively.
Authors: De Fang, Feng He, Xiao Qing Liu, Jun Lin Xie
Abstract: A series of Mn-based spinels over TiO2 catalysts have been prepared with the impregnation method. Catalysts were comprehensively characterized using XRD, FESEM, H2-TPR, and the activity evaluation of NH3-SCR, while long-time stability tests and the effect of H2O on NH3-SCR were also investigated. Meanwhile, K poisoning effect was studied by preparing K-doped catalysts (K-Mn/TiO2, K-Cu-Mn/TiO2, K-Mg-Mn/TiO2 and K-Co-Mn/TiO2). According to the characterizations, Cu-Mn/TiO2, Mg-Mn/TiO2 and Co-Mn/TiO2 catalysts exhibited superior low-temperature SCR activity, stability, K resistance and H2O resistance due to the formation of spinels (MgMn2O4, CoMn2O4, CuMn2O4).
Authors: Qin Tao Yang, Qing Lin Xie, Nan Chun Chen, Yi Jian Zhong
Abstract: Owing to the efficient predetermination, specific recognition and wide applicability, metal ion imprinting technology, apply to the wastewater treatment. The principles, synthesis strategies of ion imprinting and typical heavy metal ion imprinted polymers (IIPs) are introduced in the review. Finally, it is pointed out that the futures research problems to be solved and the development direction of metal ion imprinting technology.
Authors: Jia Ying Zhang
Abstract: A comprehensive kinetic model for methanation of syngas on Ni-Mo-SiO2 catalyst was developed on a fixed bed reactor data. The CO and H2 conversion, methane selectivity and yield were obtained in a wide range of operating conditions including 300 < T < 450°C, 1 < H2/CO <4 and 0.1 < P < 1.5 MPa with the total weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) of 60000 ml/h/g. A 6-step reaction scheme defined to the description of a reaction network that considers both catalytic and gas-phase as well as primary and consecutive reaction steps to predict the performance of the syngas methantion. Orthogonal design method was adopted to select test points with temperature, pressure and feed compositions as factors and the kinetic rates involved Langmuir – Hinshelwood equation kinetic model. The kinetic rate parameters were estimated using the Least Square Method by MATLAB. Comparing the experimental and model predicted data showed that presented model has a reasonable fit between the experimental data and the predicted values with average absolute relative deviation of ±9.8%.
Authors: Zhan Guo Li, Hong Jie Zhao
Abstract: The decomposition of ethanethiol by a corona radical injection system, using water vapor and O3 as radical source, was investigated. It is found that only 83.6% of ethanethiol can be decomposed in dry air flow with relative humidity of 13.4%. A proper quantity of water vapor injection can improve the decomposition efficiency, but which is not always increased. The maximum decomposition efficiency of 99.1% can be obtained in wet air flow with relative humidity of 74.7%. 97.6% of ethanethiol can be decomposed when the relative humidity of gas flow is 51.6%, but it is found that only 76.3% of element sulfur is converted to SO2, based on sulfur balance. However, the conversion efficiency of sulfur to SO2 increases obviously with the increasing of O3 injection. The decomposition efficiency of ethanethiol and conversion efficiency of sulfur to SO2 can reach 99.8% and 95.3% respectively, when O3 is injected into the reactor by high voltage electrode tubes with concentration of 1 g/m3 and flow rate of 300 L/h. The decomposition products are SO2, CO2 and H2O, while no organic product is found, based on which the decomposition mechanism is discussed. The weakest chemical bond C-S in ethanethiol molecule is firstly decomposed to ·SH and ·C2H5 radicals. ·SH can be oxidized to elemental sulfur and SO2, and ·C2H5 is oxidized to CO2 and H2O.
Authors: Zhi Hin Ou, Jia Hui Xu
Abstract: S-licarbazepine was synthesized by asymmetric reduction of oxcarbazepine in organic solvent/phosphate buffer biphasic system with Bacillus anthracis CGMCC No.12337 as catalyst. Effects of many factors on reduction were studied. Dibutyl phthalate/phosphate buffer was selected as the optimal biphasic system for reduction. The optimum reduction conditions are as follows: volume ratio of dibutyl phthalate and phosphate buffer 1:1, 30 g/L iospropanol as co-substrate, phosphate buffer pH 5, substrate concentration 7.92 mmol/L, cell concentration 30 g/L, 32°C,180 rpm. The conversion and enantiometric excess of S-licarbazepine reached 97.32% and 99.80%. An efficient method for synthesis of S-licarbazepine was provided.
Authors: Ke Xun Li, Jiang Jiang Ma, Jie Zhang, Kun Jia, Bi Cheng Zhou, Dong Hong Wang, Miao Jie Qiao
Abstract: In this paper, we reported on the preparation of porous materials via a reaction under Autogenic Pressure at Elevated Temperature (RAPET) at 700°Cusing natural product and alkoxides as precursors. The RAPET is a new simple efficient method to prepare inorganic materials. The porous carbon and its composite materials were prepared via the method of RAPET using natural products such as sweet potato, coriander, the absorbent cotton and viscose fiber doped by tetrabutyl titanate (TBOT) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). The reaction temperature of RAPET was 700°C. The carbon and its composites were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements. The BET surface area of the materials are different from 4m2/g to 405m2/g. The XRD investigation indicates that the phases of the TiO2 in the carbon/TiO2 composites are anatase. The materials show a certain charge-discharge performance.

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