Torsion Strength Measurement of Engineering Ceramics
This paper discusses the relationship between torsion strength and bending strength of Al2O3 and Si3N4 ceramics. Measurement of the torsion strength was carried out by a simplified torsion test method proposed by Yasuda and Tsutsumi. In this experiment, the average torsion strength was approximately 2/3 of its average bending strength for both ceramics. By estimating the characteristic strength σ0 in Weibull distribution from the strength data, σ0 in torsion is almost the same as that in bending, which agrees to the basic discussion in mechanics of materials. The characteristic strength σ0 is one of the normalized strength by eliminating the effects of specimen shape, dimensions and also its stress distribution, and therefore the apparent difference between torsion and bending strengths can be explained by the difference in effective surface area (Conversely, the measured torsion strength data by the simplified method must be reasonable). It reveals that biaxial fracture in tension/compression during torsion test is equivalent to uniaxial tensile fracture by this experiment.
Junichi Hojo, Tohru Sekino, Jian Feng Yang, Hyung Sun Kim and Wen Bin Cao
F. J. Feng and K. Yasuda, "Torsion Strength Measurement of Engineering Ceramics", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 922, pp. 110-115, 2018