Mechanical Properties of MgO-Doped Transparent Crystalline Alumina Fabricated by Two-Step Pressureless Sintering
Transparent polycrystalline alumina with high bending strength has been fabricated using two-step pressureless sintering. The microstructure and mechanical property has been investigated by varying the MgO doping concentration and sintering parameters. The results showed that the grain size markedly decreased with the increasing content of MgO addition. Although the density of alumina could be increased by the higher temperature for the first sintering step, the larger grain would depress the bending strength. Hence, the optimum bending strength was achieved with 0.5 wt% MgO with the two-step sintering of 1450°C for 20 min and 1400°C for 20 h. The Vickers hardness of the transparent PCA increased doping content, and the variation tendency was well accelerated with the relative density, indicated that the porosity plays a more important on hardness than the grain size.
Junichi Hojo, Tohru Sekino, Jian Feng Yang, Hyung Sun Kim and Wen Bin Cao
X. D. Wang et al., "Mechanical Properties of MgO-Doped Transparent Crystalline Alumina Fabricated by Two-Step Pressureless Sintering", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 922, pp. 116-121, 2018