The Preparation and Properties of Alumina Ceramics through a Two-Step Pressureless Sintering Process
In this paper, a high-dense alumina ceramics were prepared through the two-step pressureless sintering process with high-purity alumina powder as raw materials and high-purity MgO as sintering aids. The effects of the sintering temperature in the first-step (T1) and the soaking time (t) in the second sintering step (T2) on the density, microstructure and mechanical properties of the alumina ceramics were studied. The results indicated that the relative density increased with the increase of T1 temperature whereas it increased and then decreased with the increase of MgO content. Higher T1 temperature and extended soaking time caused larger grain size, which accompanied with the Ostwald ripening of the grain and led to non-uniformity of grain size distribution. The addition of MgO was beneficial to the decrease in grain size due to pinning effect of the second phase. For samples with shorter soaking time, sintering with higher T1 temperature led to better mechanical properties because of its high density. However, for the long soaking time, all samples after sintering at different T1 temperature were fully-densified, so the grain size become to the dominant factor of strength, thus samples with lower T1 temperature exhibited better mechanical properties due to the refinement grain. Excessive addition of MgO resulted in defects, by which the strength increased firstly and then decreased slightly with the increased MgO content. For the samples with 2.5wt.% MgO, the optimum condition for the two-step pressureless sintering was T1=1450°C and T2=1400°C for 20h, and the obtained sample achieved the relative density of 96% and the strength of 507±32MPa.
Junichi Hojo, Tohru Sekino, Jian Feng Yang, Hyung Sun Kim and Wen Bin Cao
C. S. Yuan et al., "The Preparation and Properties of Alumina Ceramics through a Two-Step Pressureless Sintering Process", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 922, pp. 47-54, 2018