Fire Condition Effects on the Mechanical Behaviour of Composite Structures
The fire behaviour of Polymeric composite structures is one of the most critical aerospace research topics. Indeed, the exposure of Polymeric composite structures to high temperatures leads to material decomposition, associated to thermal and mechanical properties degradation. This degradation causes a reduction of the mechanical performances, which can be of main concern for safety reasons. In this paper, the tensile behaviour of Carbon Fibre Composite Polymer specimens, subjected to fire, has been experimentally and numerically investigated. The material properties degradation has been estimated according to an Arrhenius shape function, which relates the mechanical properties of the composite to the temperature. At first, static structural analyses have been carried out to assess the mechanical behaviour of the investigated specimen without fire effects. Then, a coupled thermo-structural analysis allowed evaluating the fire effect on the specimens’ mechanical and the thermal behaviour. In order to preliminary validate the proposed degradation model, the numerical results, in terms of Load versus Displacements curves, have been compared against data obtained from an ad-hoc experimental campaign where fire condition have been suitably replicated during the mechanical tests.
S. Saputo et al., "Fire Condition Effects on the Mechanical Behaviour of Composite Structures", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 923, pp. 13-16, 2018