High Quality AlN Single Crystal Substrates for AlGaN-Based Devices
Aluminum nitride (AlN) single crystal boules were grown by physical vapor transport (PVT). Diameter expansion during boule growth, without the introduction of low angle grain boundaries (LAGB) around the boule periphery, was confirmed by crossed polarizer imaging, synchrotron white beam x-ray topography (SWBXT), and synchrotron monochromatic beam x-ray topography (SMBXT). The densities of basal plane dislocations (BPD) and threading edge dislocations (TED) averaged from high-magnification topographs of five regions of a high-quality substrate were 0 cm-2 and 992 cm-2, respectively. Substrates fabricated from AlN boules possessed excellent surface finishes suitable for epitaxy.
Robert Stahlbush, Philip Neudeck, Anup Bhalla, Robert P. Devaty, Michael Dudley and Aivars Lelis
R. Dalmau et al., "High Quality AlN Single Crystal Substrates for AlGaN-Based Devices", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 924, pp. 923-926, 2018