Effect of Solution Treatment Temperature on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-5.1Zn-2Mg-0.1Ti (wt. %) Produced by Squeeze Casting
Al 7xxx alloy is a heat treatable Al alloy with superior strength. Solution treatment in precipitation hardening sequence of the alloy has an important role to dissolve second phases and bring vacancies out to form precipitates in the ageing process. Another strengthening can be done by Ti addition as grain refiner. As cast alloy by squeeze casting was homogenized at 400 °C for 4 h. Solution treatment was conducted at 220, 420, and 490 °C, followed by rapid quenching. Subsequent ageing was conducted at 130 °C for 48 h. Characterization was performed by optical microscope, SEM-EDS (Scanning Electron Microscopy – Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy), Rockwell hardness testing, XRD (X-Ray Diffraction), and STA (Simultaneous Thermal Analysis). Ti added alloy showed rounder grains, lower hardness, and more reduction in second phase volume fraction along with increasing solution treatment temperature than those in alloys without Ti addition. Otherwise, the alloy final hardness was increasing and higher after the ageing process due to higher second phase dissolution which leads to more precipitates formed.
Umemura Kazuo, Harald Justnes, Ki-Bum Kim and Takashiro Akitsu
R. Wijanarko et al., "Effect of Solution Treatment Temperature on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-5.1Zn-2Mg-0.1Ti (wt. %) Produced by Squeeze Casting", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 939, pp. 38-45, 2018