Properties of Composite Gypsum Binders Depending on Multicomponent Mineral Additives
This article considers the possibility of increasing the effectiveness of composite gypsum binders (CGB) by controlling the processes of structure formation as a result of using new types of multicomponent mineral additives that are significantly different from the traditionally used quartz raw materials:- waste of wet magnetic separation of ferrous quartzites (WMS waste,) of polymineral composition with quartzy of varying degrees of crystallinity, nanodispersed silica and chalk powder. We have studied the cause-effect relationship between the change in the ratio of binding and mineral additives of various compositions, which determines the conditions for the formation of technological and strength characteristics of the projected composite materials with specified performance properties. We have established the presence of regularities in the changes in the properties of CGB, the composition of the hardening products and the microstructure depending on the type and content of gypsum binders of β-and α-modifications, portland cement, multicomponent finely-dispersed mineral additives, the regularity consists in the binding of portlandite, which is released upon portland cement hydration, by the amorphous phase of earth siliconas a part ofnanodispersed powder and chalcedony variety of quartz waste of wet magnetic separation of ferruginous quartzites. This provides a reduction in the basicity of the solidifying system, the intensification of crystal formation, and the formation of newgrowths with a high content of tobormorite-low-basic calcium hydrosilicates that compact the microstructure of the hardening matrix and, as a result, increase the water resistance and stability. It is noted that this mechanism of hydration of CGB minimizes inner stresses and volume deformations, therefore the number of microcracks decreases, which leads to an increase in its efficiency in comparison with the traditionally used gypsum binder and that differs from the traditional portland cement by a fast strength generation.
Dr. Denis Solovev
V. S. Lesovik et al., "Properties of Composite Gypsum Binders Depending on Multicomponent Mineral Additives", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 238-243, 2019