Theoretical Basis of Formation Highly Organized Porous Structure of Aerated Concrete
Theoretical principles of the formation of highly organized porous structure of cellular concrete are developed, based on model concepts of the dynamics of the expanding gas cavity in the liquid phase as a single control cell. The peculiarities of controlling the formation of cellular structure of aerated concrete based on the balance of forces in a three-phase disperse system on the model "gas pore - molding mixture" are revealed and a coalescing-aggregate scheme for porosity formation of the aerated concrete mixture is proposed. It is shown that, in accordance with the refined Rayleigh-Plesset equation, the determining factor in the formation of the cellular structure of aerated concrete is the pressure over the mixture to be poroused, the effect of the porosity being achieved by reducing the external pressure to the vacuum level. The division of pores by size in anaerated concrete mixture is proposed. The maximum pore size is determined by the capillary Laplace constant. The prospects of aerated concrete technology are associated with a decrease in the maximum and average size of cellular pores, as well as methods for eliminating pores of air entrainment and segmented pores. Reducing of the size of the pores will be reflected in the decrease of the Bond quantity and in the increase of the importance of capillary forces in the formation of the porous structure of aerated concrete. The concepts of the types of cellular structures are developed, depending on the average density and their boundaries for cellular concrete are established.
Dr. Denis Solovev
L.A. Suleymanova et al., "Theoretical Basis of Formation Highly Organized Porous Structure of Aerated Concrete", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 309-317, 2019