Influence of 6PPD Stabilizer on Climatic Stability of Rubbers Based on Butadiene-Nitrile and Epichlorohydrin Rubbers
The present paper outlines the results of full-scale tests of climatic stability and the study of resistance to the action of hydrocarbon media of rubbers based on BNKS-18-18 (butadiene-nitrile rubber) and Hydrin T6000 epichlorohydrin rubber containing one of 6PPDstabilizerwith an aromatic amine moiety widely used in synthetic rubbers. Samples are exposed in an open ground under natural conditions of exposure to climatic external factors of Yakutsk in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), as well as in the oil environment of Talakanskoye field and I-50A hydraulic fluid in an unheated room. Such indexes of the samples as conditional tensile strength, elongation at rupture, hardness and degree of swelling are measured to determine the resistance of rubbers to aging after the first, third, and sixth months of exposing. The results of the study reveal the contribution of 6PPD stabilizer in maintaining the stability of the physical and mechanical properties of BNKS-18: rubber containing 6PPD has less property changes both in the open air and in hydrocarbon media compared to rubber without a stabilizer. It should be noted that the oil environment is the most aggressive environment, the swelling of rubbers in oil leads to a significant reduction in strength due to a decrease in intermolecular interaction.6PPD stabilizer occurred less effective for the rubber based on Hydrin T6000: changes in properties of the samples containing the stabilizer are larger than those of the samples without the stabilizer. However, unlike BNKS-18-18-based rubber, the swelling of rubber based on Hydrin T6000 led to the greatest stability of the physical and mechanical properties in the oil environment compared to the open air and hydraulic fluids.
Dr. Denis Solovev
M.D. Sokolova et al., "Influence of 6PPD Stabilizer on Climatic Stability of Rubbers Based on Butadiene-Nitrile and Epichlorohydrin Rubbers", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 433-437, 2019