The Assessment of the Possibility of Using the Iron Ore of the Lena-Amginsky Interfluve for the Production of Cast Alloys for Low-Temperature Purposes


Article Preview

The paper gives an assessment of the possibility of using local mineral raw materials to create foundry alloys that are operated under natural low temperatures. The feasibility of using iron ores of the Lena ore field (Yakutia, North-East of Russia) for the development of new cold resistant and high strength steels is analyzed. The chemical composition and microstructure of the melted alloy were studied. Also the phase composition of the alloy by X-ray diffraction method is analyzed. The alloy with respect to the chemical composition is naturally doped Mn, W, V, which are well preserved in the preparation of the iron semi-finished product by direct reduction technology. The obtained sample after processing has acquired a uniform structure, typical for tool carbon steel after forging. Elemental analysis data indicate a uniform distribution of iron, carbon, manganese, sulfur and phosphorus in the alloy.



Edited by:

Dr. Denis Solovev




A.D. Danilov et al., "The Assessment of the Possibility of Using the Iron Ore of the Lena-Amginsky Interfluve for the Production of Cast Alloys for Low-Temperature Purposes", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 639-644, 2019

Online since:

February 2019




* - Corresponding Author

[1] A.V. Okrugin, A.E. Vasilieva, Yakutian Bloom Iron: Mineralogical-Chemical Composition and Physical-Chemical Conditions of Melting the Metal out of Mn–Fe Limonite Ores, Nauka i obrazovanie. 69(2013) 47-54.

[2] V.P. Larionov, Welding and problems of viscous-brittle transition, Publishing House SB RAS, Novosibirsk, (1998).

[3] S.B. Ermakov, V.V. Karginova, Y.P. Solntsev, A.K. Andreev, Effect of heat treatment and microalloying on the cold shortness of steels designed for North, Russian metallurgy (Metally). 7 (2010) 635-641.


[4] S.G. Soloviev, Iron oxide-gold-copper and related deposits, Nauchniy mir, Moscow, (2011).

[5] I.I. Yakovlev, Physical and mechanical foundations for the creation of cold-resistant structural materials based on iron with a given set of properties, Yakutsk Branch of the SB RAS, Yakutsk, (1993).

[6] Y.P. Solntsev, Steels for the North and Siberia, Himizdat, St. Petersburg, (2002).

[7] B.S. Ermakov, O.I. Sleptsov, P.P. Petrov, Prospects of the Development of Metallurgy in Yakutia in Connection with the Creation of New Generations Steels for the North, Nauka i obrazovanie. 79(2015) 59-63.

[8] V.M. Trefilov, L.F. Pozdnyak, B.F. Belova, The current state and prospects for the development of microalloying of steel for improving its cold resistance, Metally i technicheskiy progress, Metallurgy, Moscow, (1987).

[9] J. Moore, Modification on the cast structure using rare earth addition, Proc. 37-th Steel Mac. Confer. Chicago Meet. Apt. 1- 4. 1984. N- J / V 67. P. 239 - 254.

[10] Y.E. Goldstein, V.E. Mizin, Inoculation of iron-carbon alloys, Metallurgy, Moscow, (1993).

[11] B.K. Barakhtin, V.V. Obukhovsky, Multifractality of the process of destruction of BCC lattice metals in the brittle-viscous transition region, Voprosy Materialovedeniya, 3(1996) 56-65.

[12] R.S. Grigoriev, V.P. Larionov, V.P. Novikov, P.G. Yakovlev, Cold-brittleness of steels under static and cyclic loading, Nauka, Moscow, (1969).

[13] V.M. Zhurakovsky, V.L. Sadchikov, Influence of the REM on the structure of cast graphitized steel, Izvestiya. Ferrous metallurgy, 3(1979) 114 -116.

[14] V.I. Vladimirov, The physical nature of the destruction of metals, Metallurgy, Moscow, (1984).

[15] R.K. Dwari, D.S. Rao, P.S. Reddy, Mineralogical and beneficiation studies of the low-grade iron ore sample, Journal of Institution of Engineers (India): Series D, 95 (2014) 115 -123.


[16] I.V. Gorynin, V.V. Rybin, V.A. Malyshevskii, E.I. Khlusova, Alloying principles, phase transformations, structure and properties of low-temperature weldable shipbuilding steels, Metal science and heat treatment. 49 (2007) 3-9.


[17] S.J. Engineer, H. Gulden, H. W. Klein, V. Schüler, Entwicklung von mikrolegierten perlitischen Edelbaustählen mit verbesserten Zähigkeitseigenschaften, Stahl u. Eisen 108 (1988) Nr.19 64-68.

[18] Y. Chokshi, M.A. Limaye, S.K. Dutta, D.R. Lodhari, Mineralogical studies of the low-grade iron ore from Jharkhand-Orissa region, India, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals. 69(2016) 151 -155.


[19] A.Y. Krasovsky, Brittleness of metals at low temperatures, Naukova Dumka, Kiev, (1980).

[20] O.I. Sleptsov, B.S. Ermakov, S.G. Moskvitin, P.P. Petrov, V.V. Karginova, Prospects for the creation of high-strength cold-resistant steels from the naturally-alloyed ore of the Lena ore field, Himicheskaya Technologiya. 11 (2010) 755-760.

[21] D. V. Antonenkov, D. B. Solovev, Mathematic simulation of mining company's power demand forecast (by example of Neryungri, coal strip mine), IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 87 (2017) 1-7. [Online]. Available: