The Method of Prediction Climatic Loads on the Building Enclosures
Based on the numerical solution of the differential equation that determines one-dimensional heat transfer under unstable conditions with constant coefficients, a method was developed to calculate the temperature distribution over the cross section of the enclosing structure. Based on the developed method, a method of determining the number of cycles of freezing and thawing of moisture in the cross sections of the outer wall of the building was calculated. This method was tested in the experiment on the exterior walls of operating buildings. The results showed good convergence of the real and calculated temperature values. The calculation of the number of cycles of freezing and thawing on the cross section of the outer wall of the building according to the developed methodology and the experiment showed the same results. The method of numerical assessment was developed to show the impact of global climate change on enclosed structures. The parameter of temperature load of enclosing structures was introduce. The method uses meteorological data of outdoor air temperature over the last 50 years and the results of calculation of temperature fluctuation of the enclosed structures. The use of this method allowed to calculate the number of cycles of freezing and thawing in cross sections of the outer wall at any given time period, and, therefore, more accurately predict the durability of enclosed structures. In addition, the developed technique allows quantitative comparison of different designs of external structures on the thermal load, taking into account global climate change.
Dr. Denis Solovev
D.Y. Zheldakov, "The Method of Prediction Climatic Loads on the Building Enclosures", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 845-856, 2019