Application of Nonwoven Geosynthetic Materials in Construction in Wetlands


Article Preview

The article contains the results of research on the development of optimal in terms of time and complexity of work, energy intensity, consumption of materials and cost, the design of the roadbed for use in the construction of oilfield roads in wetlands. Trunk oil and gas pipelines in Western Siberia and north of the European part of Russia began to be built approximately from the mid-1960s. From the very beginning, designers faced serious problems: complex natural and heavy ground and hydro geological conditions, namely, permafrost soils and swamps. The length of the swamp sections is tens and hundreds of meters, and in some cases – tens of kilometers. Road construction in wetlands is a very difficult engineering task. Conditions of excessive moisture, extremely low load-carrying capacity of marsh soils, a characteristic deficiency of quality mineral materials - all this creates obstacles, the overcoming of which is associated with significant material costs. The average cost of road construction through the swamp is 3-5 times higher than in normal conditions. A constructive solution for the roadbed using a layer of non-woven synthetic material in the cage to ensure year-round and uninterrupted movement of technological transport for maintenance of oil facilities was chosen.



Edited by:

Dr. Denis Solovev




M. O. Karpushko et al., "Application of Nonwoven Geosynthetic Materials in Construction in Wetlands", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 9-14, 2019

Online since:

February 2019




* - Corresponding Author

[1] T.M. Burton, Swamps – Wooded Wetlands, In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, edited by Gene E. Likens, Academic Press, Oxford. (2009) 549-557,


[2] T.M. Burton and R.W. Tiner, Ecology of Wetlands, In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, edited by Gene E. Likens, Academic Press, Oxford. (2009) 507-515,


[3] R.W. Tiner, Ecology of Wetlands: Classification Systems, In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, edited by Gene E. Likens, Academic Press, Oxford. (2009) 516-525,


[4] William J. Mitsch, Wetland Creation and Restoration, In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition), edited by Simon A Levin,, Academic Press, Waltham. (2013) 367-383,


[5] D.J. Charman, Peat and Peatlands, In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, edited by Gene E. Likens,, Academic Press, Oxford. (2009) 541-548,


[6] Mayula Chaikumbung, Hristos Doucouliagos, Helen Scarborough, The economic value of wetlands in developing countries: A meta-regression analysis, Ecological Economics. 124 (2016) 164-174,


[7] SP 34.13330.2012. Svod pravil. Avtomobil'nye dorogi. Aktualizirovannaja redakcija SNiP 2.05.02-85* (utv. Prikazom Minregiona Rossii ot 30.06.2012 N 266) (red. ot 16.12.2016).

[8] Metodicheskie rekomendacii po konstrukcijam i tehnologii sooruzhenija zemljanogo polotna pri prohozhdenii obvodnennyh bolot, ozer i grjadovo-ozerkovyh bolotnyh kompleksov v uslovijah severa Zapadnoj Sibiri. Moscow, SOJuZDORNII, (1978).

[9] Metodicheskie rekomendacii po primeneniju vremennoj prigruzki vzamen vytorfovyvanija pri sooruzhenii zemljanogo polotna na torfjanyh bolotah. Moscow. (1974).

[10] Ukazanija po proektirovaniju zemljanogo polotna avtomobil'nyh dorog na bolotah. Moscow: Sojuzdorproekt, (1963).

[11] Ukazanija po proektirovaniju zemljanogo polotna avtomobil'nyh dorog na bolotah. Gosudarstvennyj proizvodstvennyj komitet po transportnomu stroitel'stvu SSSR. Razrabotan Sojuzdorproektom Mintransstroja. Utverzhdjon Glavtransproektom. Moskva, (1963).

[12] Evgen'ev I.E. Stroitel'stvo avtomobil'nyh dorog cherez boloto. Izdatelstvo Transport, (1968).

[13] Cocks, G.C. Road construction over peat and sanitary landfill. (1983) 19-62.

[14] SP 115.13330.2011. Geofizika opasnyh prirodnyh vozdejstvij. Aktualizirovannaja redakcija SNiP 22-01-95.

[15] SP 131.13330.2012 Stroitel'naja klimatologija. Aktualizirovannaja redakcija SNiP 23-02-99*. Minstroj Rossii. (2015).

[16] TSN 23-011-2007 Respubliki Komi. Stroitel'naja klimatologija Respubliki Komi. Razrabotany Institutom biologii Komi nauchnogo centra UrO RAN kak dopolnenie k SNiP 23-01-99.

[17] SP 50.13330.2012 Teplovaja zashhita zdanij. Aktualizirovannaja redakcija SNiP 23-02-(2003).

[18] GOST 33162-2014. Mezhgosudarstvennyj standart. Torf nizkoj stepeni razlozhenija. Tehnicheskie uslovija (vveden v dejstvie Prikazom Rosstandarta ot 20.05.2015 N 385-st).

[19] Ashraf E. Abdel-Salam, Stabilization of peat soil using locally admixture, HBRC Journal, (2017), ISSN 1687-4048,


[20] Abbas Mohajerani, Matthew Ashdown, Luqmaan Abdihashi, Majidreza Nazem, Expanded polystyrene geofoam in pavement construction, Construction and Building Materials. 157 (2017) 438-448,


[21] Leong Sing Wong, Seyedesmaeil Mousavi, Shahab Sobhani, Sih Ying Kong, Ahmed Hussien Birima, Nur Irfah Mohd Pauzi, Comparative measurement of compaction impact of clay stabilized with cement, peat ash and silica sand, Measurement. 94 (2016) 498-504,