Radiation Damage in Some Refractory Metals
In Chapter–1 of this timely book, radiation damage in vanadium, niobium, molybdenum and tungsten is discussed at the atomic level; treating – for instance - third-stage recovery in terms of self-interstitials being mobile traps for - predominantly - vacancies. Higher recovery stages are treated by using various techniques, such as: electrical resistivity, electron microscopy, positron annihilation spectroscopy and computer simulation - thus revealing vacancy-cluster break-up in stage-V and interstitial cluster annealing in stage-VI.
Overall, these and other results are presented in 6 chapters: 1. Radiation damage in some refractory metals; 2.a. Neutron irradiated recovery in V-2% Zr Alloy; 2.b. Oxygen interaction in irradiated dilute vanadium alloys; 3.a. Helium ion damage in vanadium-2% zirconium alloys; 3.b. Recovery of helium ion irradiated molybdenum; 3. Surface ion damage of refractory Coatings; i. Carbon Coatings; Titanium Carbide Coatings; ii. Effect of deuterium ion bombardment on Boron Coatings; iii. Deuterium Ion Bombardment Behaviour of Alumina Coatings; iv. Aluminium oxy-nitride Coatings; 5. Recovery of fast neutron irradiation of A–203 steel; 6. Study of swelling of vanadium on high neutron irradiation.
Review from Ringgold Inc., ProtoView: Agarwala (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India) presents six studies on radiation damage in the metals vanadium, niobium, molybdenum, and tungsten, describing neutron irradiated recovery, oxygen interaction, helium ion damage, surface ion damage and treatment techniques utilizing electrical resistivity, electron microscopy, positron annihilation spectroscopy, and computer simulation. Agarwala notes that the studies cover the material in more detail than an academic review.