Investigation of Microstructural and Hardness Properties of Al-Al2O3 Nano Surface Composite

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In present scenario, nanocomposites are playing an imperative role in most of the industrial application due to their outstanding performances with good mechanical properties. The aim of this research is to study the effect of tool rotational speed and traverse speed on micro structural and hardness properties of fabricated surface nanocomposites of Al-Al2O3. By varying tool rotational and traverse speed at a constant volume percentage the surface nanocomposites were produced by applying one pass of friction stir processing. A clear view of material flow and defect characterization in the stir zone were studied. Optimum condition of tool rotational speed of 1120 rpm and tool traverse speed of 16 mm/min was obtained to produce a defect free surface nanocomposite. Microstructure observations were carried out through optical microscope and micro hardness test were conducted by using Vickers micro hardness tester. From the phase volume fraction analysis, it was observed that the Al2O3 nanoparticles were well dispersed in the stir zone. It was found that, the tool speed and traverse speed had a significant impact on microstructure properties as well as mechanical properties of the fabricated surface nanocomposite. From the final results it was found that a mixture of dynamically restored ultra fine grins with a mean size of ~80 nm and the average micro hardness value of 130HV were achieved through a fabricated aluminium Al2O3 nanocomposite.

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36-45

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A. Karthikeyan and S. Nallusamy, "Investigation of Microstructural and Hardness Properties of Al-Al2O3 Nano Surface Composite", Nano Hybrids and Composites, Vol. 15, pp. 36-45, 2017

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May 2017

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