Investigation of Electrical Conductivity of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) Nanofibers/Nano Particul (Ag,Cu, CNT and GNR)
In this study 1% Ag (silver), Cu (copper), CNT (carbon nanotube) and graphene nanoribbon (GNR) nanoparticle reinforced PAN fibers were prepared and the effects of nanoparticle reinforcements upon electrical conductivity were investigated. In experimental study, graphene nanoribbon powders were produced from multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) through using the chemical approach of Hummers method. Fiber layer was dissolved at room temperature in magnetic mixer with Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and Dimethil Formamide (DMF) which was at the rate of 10 % by mass. Thus, a viscou gel solution was obtained then nanoparticles were added to the PAN/DMF solution and the solution was vigorously stirred for one hour at room temperature. After stirring that solution was continued for 15 m in ultrasonic bath. The polymeric solution was first transferred to a 5 mL syringe, which was connected to a capillary needle with an inside diameter of 0,8 mm. A copper electrode was attached to the needle, a DC power supply produces 25 kV against a grounded collector screen distant 15cm. With the syringe pump set at 2 mL/h, the electric force overcomes the surface tension of the solution at the capillary tip, and a jet emerges. Produced fibers were collected on the rotary collector which spins at 250 rpm. Nanofiber was dried at 60 °C for 12 h in vacuum oven. Eventually, nanofiber of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) reinforced by metallic nanoparticles and graphene nanoribbon (GNR) were prepared by electro spinning process. Electrical conductivity of the obtained nanofiber were studied by measuring the electrical resistance thanks to home-made plate electrodes.
Prof. Ramesh K. Agarwal
G. Önal et al., "Investigation of Electrical Conductivity of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) Nanofibers/Nano Particul (Ag,Cu, CNT and GNR)", Nano Hybrids and Composites, Vol. 16, pp. 20-25, 2017