Role of Nafion in the Electrochemical Characteristics of Zinc Antimonate Nanoparticles for Supercapacitor Application


Article Preview

Zinc antimonate (ZnSb2O6) nanoparticles were prepared by an inexpensive chemical precipitation method and its structural properties were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Further in electrochemical analysis, Nafion, a per-fluorinated sulfonic acid polymer solution that serves as a binder, wherein the hydrophilic sulfonic acid group provides proton-exchange between electrolyte and active electrode material thereby, it is beneficial in the improvement of the capacitance, chemical and mechanical stability of a material. Considering this key point, the significance of the nafion on the electrochemical characteristics of zinc antimonate nanoparticles were studied through cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte. The significant changes in the capacitance, electrochemical behavior and electrochemical stability of the nanostructure with and without the binder were investigated.



Edited by:

P. Kuppusami and Dr. T. Sasipraba




M. Balasubramaniam and S. Balakumar, "Role of Nafion in the Electrochemical Characteristics of Zinc Antimonate Nanoparticles for Supercapacitor Application", Nano Hybrids and Composites, Vol. 17, pp. 18-23, 2017

Online since:

August 2017




* - Corresponding Author

[1] Schneuwly A, Gallay R Proc Power Conversion PCIM, Nurnberg, Germany, 22-24 June 1999: 3-928643-22-3.

[2] Zheng JP, Cygan PJ, Zon TR (1975) Journal of Electrochemical Society 142: 2699.

[3] Yu Xin Zhang, Ming Huang, Min Kuang, Chuan Pu Liu, Jian Liang Tan, Meng Dong, Yuan Yuan, Xiao Li Zhao, Zhongquan, WenFacile Synthesis of Mesoporous CuO Nanoribbons for Electrochemical Capacitors Applications, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 8 (2013).

[4] Bello A, DodooArhin D, Makgopa K, Fabiane1 M, Manyala N, Surfactant Assisted Synthesis of Copper Oxide (CuO) Leaf-like Nanostructures for Electrochemical Applications, American Journal of Materials Science 4(2) (2014) 64-73.

[5] Kalpana D, Omkumar KS, Suresh Kumar S, Renganathan NG, A novel high power symmetric ZnO/carbon aerogel composite electrode for electrochemical supercapacitor, Electrochimica Acta, 52 2006 1309-1315.


[6] Jayalakshmi M, Palaniappa M, Balasubramanian K, Cyclic Voltammetric Behavior of Copper Powder Immobilized on Paraffin Impregnated Graphite Electrode in Dilute Alkali Solution International Journal of Electrochemical Science 3 (2008) 1277 - 1287.

[7] Pang SC, Anderson MA, Chapman TW, Novel Electrode Materials for Thin‐Film Ultracapacitors: Comparison of Electrochemical Properties of Sol‐Gel‐Derived and Electrodeposited Manganese Dioxide, Journal of Electrochemical Society, 147 (2000).


[8] Liu KC, Anderson MA, Porous Nickel Oxide/Nickel Films for Electrochemical Capacitors Journal of Electrochemical Society, 143 (1996) 124-130.


[9] Srinivasan V, Weidner JW, An Electrochemical Route for Making Porous Nickel Oxide Electrochemical Capacitors, Journal of Electrochemical Society, 144 (1997) L210-L213.


[10] Srinivasan V, Weidner JW, Studies on the Capacitance of Nickel Oxide Films: Effect of Heating Temperature and Electrolyte Concentration, ournal of Electrochemical Society 147 (2000) 880-885.


[11] Nagaraju DH, Qingxiao Wang, Beaujuge P, Alshareef HN, Two-dimensional heterostructures of V2O5 and reduced graphene oxide as electrodes for high energy density asymmetric supercapacitors, J. Mater. Chem. A2(2014) 17146-17152.


[12] Zhen Duo Geng, Yu ping Wang, Synthesis of V2O5·1. 6H2O/graphene composite and its application in supercapacitors, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 19 (2015) 3131-3138.


[13] Lufrano F, Staiti P, Minutoli M, Influence of Nafion content in electrodes on performance of carbon supercapacitors, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 151(1)(2004) A64-A68.


[14] Wenjun Liu, Pingyong Lin, Hua Jin, Hun Xue, Yongfan Zhang, Zhaohui Li (2011) Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 349: 80.


[15] Jyoti Singh, Neha Bhardwaj, Uma S, Single step hydrothermal based synthesis of M (II) Sb2O6 (M= Cd and Zn) type antimonates and their photocatalytic properties Bulletin of Materials Science, 36 (2013) 287-291.


[16] Dimple P Dutta, AnandBallal, Anamika Singh, Fulekar MK, Tyagi AK, Multifunctionality of rare earth doped nano ZnSb2O6, CdSb2O6 and BaSb2O6: photocatalytic properties and white light emission, Dalton Transactions 42 (2013) 16887-16897.


[17] Tamaki J, Yamada Y, Yamamoto Y, Matsuoka M, Ota I, Sensing properties to dilute hydrogen sulfide of ZnSb2 O6 thick-film prepared by dip-coating method, Sensors and Actuators B (2000) 66-70.


[18] Yamada Y, Yamashita K, Masuoka Y, Ogita M (2003) Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 42: 7594.

[19] Carlos R Michel, Narda L Lopez Contreras, Miguel A Lopez Alvarez, Alma H Martinez Preciado (2012) Sensors and Actuators B 171-172: 686.


[20] Yamada Y, Ogita M, Transient response of resistive-type NO 2 sensor ontemperature change, Sensors and Actuators B 93 (2003) 546-551.


[21] Jiyeon Jang, SeungJoo Kim (2012) Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 51: 10NE23-1.

[22] Lin C, Ritter JA, Popov BN, Characterization of sol-gel-derived cobalt oxide xerogels as electrochemical capacitors, Journal of Electrochemical Society 145 (1998) 4097-4103.


[23] Wei Chen, Zhongli Fan, Lin Gu, XinheBao, Chunlei Wang, Enhanced capacitance of manganese oxide via confinement inside carbon nanotubes, Chemical Communications 46 (2010) 3905-3907.