Spectroscopic Ellipsometry and Raman Studies on Sputtered TiO2 Thin Films
Titanium dioxide films were deposited using DC magnetron sputtering technique onto silicon substrates at ambient temperature and at an oxygen partial pressure of 7×10 –5 mbar and sputtering pressure (Ar + O2) of 1×10–3 mbar. The composition of the films, analyzed by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), revealed the stoichiometry with an O and Ti ratio of 2.08. The optical constants of the as-deposited TiO2 thin film were determined by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry in the photon energy range 1.2 to 5.5 eV at room temperature. The measured dielectric-function spectra reveal distinct structures at energies of the E1, E1+D1 and E2 critical points due to interband transitions. The Dielectric constant values were found to be substantially lower than those for the bulk TiO2. The dielectric related optical constants, such as the refractive index, extinction coefficient, absorption coefficient and normal incidence of reflectivity are presented and analyzed. The deposited films were calcinated at 673 and 773 K. The influence of post-deposition calcination on the Raman scattering of the films was studied. The existence of Raman active modes A1g, B1g and Eg corresponding to the Raman shifts are reported in this paper. The improvement of crystallinity of the TiO2 films as shown by the Raman scattering studies has also been reported.
Radu Robert Piticescu, Witold Lojkowski and John R. Blizzard
B. Karunagaran et al., "Spectroscopic Ellipsometry and Raman Studies on Sputtered TiO2 Thin Films", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 106, pp. 127-132, 2005