Silicon Based Light Emitters for On-Chip Optical Interconnects
Electroluminescence of B and P implanted samples has been studied. P implantation is found to have a similar effect on light emission as B implant. The band-to-band (BB) luminescence of P implanted diodes is observed to increase by more than one order of magnitude upon rising the temperature and an internal efficiency of 2 % has been reached at 300 K. An efficiency larger than 5% seems to be reachable. The strong BB line emission at 1.1 &m is attributed to high bulk SRH lifetime. The BB line escapes from the substrate below the p-n junction. It is not due to the implantation-related defects/dislocations. The luminescence spectrum can be tailored to achieve dominance of the dislocation-related D1 line at about 1.5 &m. It is observed that a regular periodic dislocation network, formed by Si wafer direct bonding with a specific misorientation, exhibits even at 300 K only D1 photoluminescence. Such a dislocation network is believed to be a serious candidate to gain an efficient Si-based light emitter.
B. Pichaud, A. Claverie, D. Alquier, H. Richter and M. Kittler
M. Kittler et al., "Silicon Based Light Emitters for On-Chip Optical Interconnects", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 108-109, pp. 749-754, 2005