Downscaling Equal Channel Angular Pressing
ECAP (equal channel angular pressing) is a well-known severe plastic deformation method used to produce ultra-fine grained materials. The dimensions of ECAP specimens are usually in the centimeter range. For producing high strength wires or fibres with diameter in the micrometer/millimeter range, downscaling of the ECAP process may be a viable option. To achieve this, several experiments were carried out. For downscaling to the micrometer range, porous steel discs can be used as processing tools. In this case, a solid state infiltration method as a variant of the forcefill process can be used. Extremely large strain is introduced due to the material flow through the tortuous channels inside a porous pre-form leading to grain refinement depending on processing conditions. To obtain specimens with a typical dimension in the millimeter range, the forcefill approach was altered by using die channels produced by conventional drilling. The tool geometry used is equivalent to conventional ECAP, but with a multi-channel die. Microstructure investigations demonstrating significant grain refinement confirm the viability of this approach.
Witold Lojkowski and John R. Blizzard
A. Zi et al., "Downscaling Equal Channel Angular Pressing", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 114, pp. 265-270, 2006