Effects of Certain Variables on the Materials Properties of Nickel Electrodeposits: Current Density and Duty Cycle
Alloy 600 tubing can be repaired by using a Ni electroplating to have an excellent SCC resistance. In order to carry out a successful Ni electrodeposition inside a steam generator tubing, the effects of various parameters on the material properties of the electrodeposit should be elucidated. Hence this work deals with the effects of the applied current density and the duty cycle(Ton / (Ton + Toff)) of the pulse current on the material properties of the Ni electrodeposit obtained from a Ni sulphamate bath by analyzing the current efficiency, the potentiodynamic curve, the hardness and the stress-strain curve. Hardness, YS(yield strength) and TS(tensile strength) decreased whereas the elongation increased as the applied current density increased. This was due to a concentration depletion of the nickel ion at the interface of the electrodeposit/solution, and a fractional decrease of the hydrogen reduction reaction. As the duty cycle increased, the hardness, YS and TS decreased while the elongation increased. During an off time at a high duty cycle, the concentration depletion of the nickel ion could not be sufficiently recovered and the fraction of the hydrogen evolution reaction which is kinetically faster than the nickel ion reduction decreased, which contributed to a coarse grain sized electrodeposit. The experimental results of the hardness and the stress-strain curves were supplemented by the results of the potentiodynamic curve.
Chang Kyu Rhee
D. J. Kim et al., "Effects of Certain Variables on the Materials Properties of Nickel Electrodeposits: Current Density and Duty Cycle", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 119, pp. 87-90, 2007