A Molecular Tool for Carbon Transfer in Mechanosynthesis
Proposed advanced mechanosynthetic systems  require molecular tools able to bind and transfer reactive moieties with high reliability at 300 K (failure rates << 10–10 per transfer operation). Screening of a large number of candidate tools at the AM1 level enabled the identification of a structure, DC10c, that is calculated (at the B3LYP/6- 31G(d,p) level) to meet these stringent requirements when used to transfer carbon dimers to any of a target class of graphene-, nanotube-, and diamond-like structures . The favorable energy of transfer (exoergic by a mean energy ≥ 0.261 aJ per dimer) results from avoidance of the generation of high-energy radical sites during dimer release by means of π-delocalization to form a strained aromatic ring on the binding face of the empty structure. These energies are compatible with transfer-failure rates ~ 10–24 per operation at 300 K, and overall failure rates << 10–10.
Chunli BAI, Sishen XIE, Xing ZHU
K.E. Drexler, "A Molecular Tool for Carbon Transfer in Mechanosynthesis", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 121-123, pp. 867-868, 2007