The Effect of Physicochemical Treatment on Pd Dispersion of Carbon-Supported Pd Catalysts
Carbon-supported palladium catalysts were prepared by an impregnation method using palladium chloride and different carbon supports such as activated carbons with different surface oxygen concentrations and a mesoporous carbon, CMK-5.. The different degree of surface oxidation was achieved by the nitric acid and high-temperature heat treatment. The molecular PdCl2 species was stabilized by adding an HCl in an impregnation step.. As the reduction temperature increased, the Pd dispersion decreased for all Pd catalysts. There was no noticeable difference in Pd dispersion among Pd catalysts supported on carbon supports with different physicochemical properties when the reduction temperature was 423 K. Pd catalysts supported on the carbon support with a high concentration of surface oxygen groups showed a better dispersion than did other Pd catalysts when they were reduced at 573 K. The maximum Pd dispersion was observed over Pd catalyst supported on carbon supports with the highest surface area when the reduction temperature was higher than 573 K.
Chang Kyu Rhee
Y. T. Kim et al., "The Effect of Physicochemical Treatment on Pd Dispersion of Carbon-Supported Pd Catalysts", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 135, pp. 57-60, 2008