Semisolid Microstructural Evolution of Equal Channel Angular Extruded Mg-Al Alloy During Partial Remelting
Using equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) process, which combine the advantages of grain refinement and induced strain, for preparing semisolid billets is a relatively new Strain Induced Melt Activation(SIMA)method. This paper investigates the remelting and semisolid isothermal holding behavior of Mg-9Al alloy after ECAE processing at 350°C. It has been found that 2 passes ECAE-ed billets are qualified for obtaining spherical grains after remelting and isothermal holding treatment. Increasing the ECAE process from 2 passes to 8 passes has no further significant effects on the size and roundness of the solid particles at the semisolid state. The effects of temperature and isothermal holding time on microstructural evolution have also been investigated. In addition, the solid solution treatment before the ECAE processing affected greatly on microstructural evolution of the alloy during ECAE processing and thus the following remelting and isothermal holding behavior. The Mg17Al12 precipitates were uniformly decomposed from the saturated solid solution in the solutionized samples during ECAE processing. The coalescence of grains together with the self-blocking effect generated more entrapped liquid in the solutionized sample at semisolid state. Moreover, the solid particles of solutionized samples have bigger size and grow faster, which are detrimental to SSM processability.
G. Hirt, A. Rassili, A. Bührig-Polaczek
S.M. Liang et al., "Semisolid Microstructural Evolution of Equal Channel Angular Extruded Mg-Al Alloy During Partial Remelting", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 141-143, pp. 557-562, 2008