Bone Ingrowth Processes on Porous Metalic Implants
The surface of an endosseous implant has fundamental importance in forming mechanical and chemical connection with osseous tissue. One of the methods of enlarging area is using technology of powder metallurgy. The paper presents research regarding osteointegration of porous materials for implants made for Co-Cr-Mo and titanium with Bioglass type-S2. The research was made on the castrated goats averaging one year of age, from this oneself herds. Bone growth process on surfaces of implants made with additional bioglass was significantly intense. The amount of osseous tissue and the number of connection points are significantly increased. On surfaces of titanium implants few areas of stochastic callus formation were observed. In that case areas of preferential bone integration have uneven surface due to technological process. A significant difference appears in osseous tissue growth morphology on implant surface. In porous implants bone grows around the pores of an implant. The obtained results showed that porosity influences callus growth intensity beneficially on the implant structure. Use of bioglass increases bone growth intensity on implant surface.
Zdzislaw Gosiewski and Zbigniew Kulesza
J. Sidun and J. R. Dąbrowski, "Bone Ingrowth Processes on Porous Metalic Implants", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 147-149, pp. 776-781, 2009