Fluoride Release and Antibacterial Activity of Self-Made Composite Materials for Dental Fillings
In the paper own prepared materials with addition fluorine sources were evaluated. The aim of the study was to assess the quality and quantity of fluoride source on fluoride ions release from composite materials. Antibacterial activity of analyzed materials in relation to four bacteria was investigated. Fluoride ions release was measured by direct potentiometry method with fluoride ion selective electrode. The measurements were carried out after 1, 4, 7, 14, 30, 60 days of storage in buffer at pH 6.8. The antibacterial activity of the materials was evaluated against standard bacterial strains using the agar diffusion test. Tests show that the highest level of fluoride ions emission was observed for composite with fluoridated glass (material A) on the seventh day of the study. Similar fluoride ions amount was released from material consisted of fluoridated glass and ytterbium fluoride (material C), but not until on the thirtieth day of the study. After 24 hours of composite bonding there was inhibition of bacterial growth by composite C, whereas composite A did not show similar activity. On the eighth day after polymerization, both materials were significantly more active towards two bacteria.
Zdzislaw Gosiewski and Zbigniew Kulesza
J. Mystkowska et al., "Fluoride Release and Antibacterial Activity of Self-Made Composite Materials for Dental Fillings", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 147-149, pp. 801-806, 2009