Nanosized Silicon Carbide Obtained from Rice Husks

Abstract:

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Two ways to obtain nanosized silicon carbide (SiC) powders from the products of thermal decomposition of rice hulls and posterior thermal and chemical treatment of SiO2-C precursors are shown in the present paper. The reagents and products were analyzed using BET, DTA, IR, XRD and SEM/TEM. Precursors obtained from rice husks containing pure SiO2 and a controlled SiO2-C ratio were used for the synthesis of SiC. The synthesis of SiC proceeded for 30-45 min in a graphite heater furnace under protective Ar atmosphere at relatively low temperatures (1450oC-1550oC). Nanosized dimensions of reagents obtained from rice husks and their high activity allow obtaining SiC in relatively milder thermal regimes. TEM and XRD analysis revealed synthesis of nanostructured mainly β-SiC with a mean crystallite size of 40-100 nm. Due to their purity and nano-scale properties, the products obtained are appropriate for production of bulk SiC or design of SiC–based ultra high-temperature materials using the methods of powder metallurgy.

Info:

Periodical:

Solid State Phenomena (Volume 159)

Edited by:

Lilyana Kolakieva and Roumen Kakanakov

Pages:

153-156

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.159.153

Citation:

D. D. Radev and I. Uzunov, "Nanosized Silicon Carbide Obtained from Rice Husks", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 159, pp. 153-156, 2010

Online since:

January 2010

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$38.00

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