Nanosized Silicon Carbide Obtained from Rice Husks
Two ways to obtain nanosized silicon carbide (SiC) powders from the products of thermal decomposition of rice hulls and posterior thermal and chemical treatment of SiO2-C precursors are shown in the present paper. The reagents and products were analyzed using BET, DTA, IR, XRD and SEM/TEM. Precursors obtained from rice husks containing pure SiO2 and a controlled SiO2-C ratio were used for the synthesis of SiC. The synthesis of SiC proceeded for 30-45 min in a graphite heater furnace under protective Ar atmosphere at relatively low temperatures (1450oC-1550oC). Nanosized dimensions of reagents obtained from rice husks and their high activity allow obtaining SiC in relatively milder thermal regimes. TEM and XRD analysis revealed synthesis of nanostructured mainly β-SiC with a mean crystallite size of 40-100 nm. Due to their purity and nano-scale properties, the products obtained are appropriate for production of bulk SiC or design of SiC–based ultra high-temperature materials using the methods of powder metallurgy.
Lilyana Kolakieva and Roumen Kakanakov
D. D. Radev and I. Uzunov, "Nanosized Silicon Carbide Obtained from Rice Husks", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 159, pp. 153-156, 2010