The Simulation Spreading Process of Steel Tubes Hollow
The paper presents finite element analysis of spreading process of hollow steel tubes implemented within commercial software MES FORGE2-V3.0. To this purpose, rigid-plastic model of deformed material was assumed. The analysis was realised for hollow tube made from steel C45 with external diameter D0 = 50 mm and internal one d0 = 40 mm. Distributions of temperature, stress and deformation for different values of gradient radius of mandrel (1535) and different friction conditions on the area of metal-tool were determined. With the piercing press the billet is introduced into a vertical or horizontal die, subsequently to be pierced by mandrel. Afterwards pipe is elongated in Diescher’s mill. Hollow steel tubes undergo hot deformation spreading process in two-roll press by mandrel. Process stability depends on dimensions of the hollow tube and mandrel: tube external diameter, tube internal diameter, mandrel diameter and inclination angle of mandrel. Increase of external diameter of hollow tube occurs in the course of spreading process by mandrel. Process parameters depend on chemical composition and type of material. In this paper the contact problem in metal – tool interface is considered. Burnishing implies the sizing of a hollow tube by its plastic spreading.
Andrejus H. Marcinkevičius and Algirdas V.Valiulis
T. C. Dyl "The Simulation Spreading Process of Steel Tubes Hollow", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 165, pp. 13-18, 2010